Do you know what to do after receiving abnormal Pap smear result? Now you need to do the test every year. At time will come when the doctor will suggest you to perform colposcopy for better view of the cervix.
Remember, colposcopy is really useful for the patients as it can offer better cervical view. As a result, doctor can closely observe the cervix with potential changing possibilities in the tissues and cells.
As you can get on your nerves after the suggestion, it is better to gain some knowledge on colposcopy procedure from this blog.
What is the meaning of abnormal Pap smear?
Abnormal Pap smear test indicates that there is certainly any change in your cervical cells. The results can range from cancerous or severe, moderate to mild. Therefore, it is important to determine and follow up the results to get right treatment.
In case you left it untreated then pre-cancerous changes can lead to cervical cancer. Only with early detection along treatment you can increase the survival chance using non-invasive treatment options. Colposcopy exam helps in determining what is going on your body and what your next steps are!
What is colposcopy?
Colposcopy is the process in which doctor can obtain zoomed view of vulvar ares, vaginal tissues and cervix. During the examination, doctor inserts colposcope into the vagina after application of vaginal solutions. By this way they can figure out the abnormal cells and evaluate whether you further needs biopsy or not. Colposcope is something which everyone sees at the doctor’s clinic.
It is an instrument on top of metal box and shiftable to anywhere in the office. It has an antennae which comes out like an arm of the robot and in the end you can notice the key thing- a binocular-type microscope which offers clear view of cervix by emitting light.
Initially, you need to consult with the doctor regarding your expectation at the time of the exam. Moreover, you will find the following steps more helpful:
- Take a family member or friend to support you
- During waiting for the appointment make a list of the concerns and questions you have in your mind. In case you are feeling nervous then ask whoever with you to remind you for following up the questions in front of the doctor.
- As the process will not hurt certain women can experience slight pain or discomfort in case biopsy is necessary. Always take someone who will assist you in managing the pain before the test. Consult with the doctor regarding this before undergoing the test.
- In many cases women experience bleeding after and at the time of the procedure! So, it is absolutely safe to bring your own tampons during the appointment.
Your expectation at the time of process
During the appointment, you need to lie down on table keeping the leg wide and in stirrups. Same lying position is necessary for Pap smear test as well. Doctor will insert speculum for clear observation of the cervix. Many clinics perform colposcopy using DYSImap the latest technology in the procedure. Instead of inserting it into the vagina it rests outside offering high resolution image of the inside.
Then the doctor will apply vinegar solution in cervix for easy identification of the abnormal cells due to change in colours of the cells. In case, there is any abnormality, doctor will suggest you to perform biopsy which results you can expect within a week.
Determination from the procedure
Colposcopy exam will come into your way when you undergo biopsy and the results come out as:
- Cervical cancer
- CIN III- Carcinoma in-situ, severe dysplasia
- CIN II- Moderate dysplasia
- CIN I- Mild dysplasia (abnormal cells)
Mostly, obtaining of abnormal result will allow the doctor to observe your condition closer mainly using frequent Pap smear. Many times, they also perform LEEP for removal of abnormal cells.
Follow-up and aftercare tips
After performing colposcopy, you will experience coffee-grind, black vaginal discharge or mild bleeding. It is because of medication which has been used at the time of colposcopy. If you performed biopsy then abstain from sex for a week after colposcopy. Apart from that, you can continue enjoying life as normal.
While you are taking birth control you need to continue it just like prescription. Also if needed, make use of the tampons anytime. When you receive negative Pap smear report, colposcopy is the only easiest solution for evaluation of next steps.
If you are suspecting any issue, consult with the doctor and perform Pap smear test. On obtaining negative result, you need to perform colposcopy for better diagnosis and treatment and that too within time. For enjoying your life healthily and at fullest, contact us today to get answers of your concerns and questions. You can also make an appointment as per your convenience.